Submission Date


Document Type



Modern Languages (French)

Faculty Mentor

Céline Brossillon


Presented during the 23rd Annual Summer Fellows Symposium, July 23, 2021 at Ursinus College.

A related presentation is available here.

Project Description

This project aims to assess the relative success of revitalization efforts for seven languages: Welsh, Scottish Gaelic, Irish, Hopi, Navajo, Breton, and Occitan. The success of linguistic revitalization is determined through comparative analysis of minority languages in the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, and France as seen through each country’s history, melting pot experiences, traditions, language protection laws, education system, in addition to the differing levels of diffusion via the Internet. A key point of analysis is the strength of language protection laws in the United States, United Kingdom, Ireland, and France. Language is the most primordial expression of culture, where we came from and what we are. An understanding of that intersectionality and thereby the severe consequences of linguicide, lie at the crux of this study.

Open Access

Available to all.