Submission Date


Document Type

Paper- Restricted to Campus Access


African American and Africana Studies

Faculty Mentor

Patricia Lott

Second Faculty Mentor

Edward Onaci

Project Description

How does anti-blackness engineer the school-to-prison pipeline to drain the health out of black children and youth and to reroute them from education to incarceration in the United States? This paper addresses this central research problem by synthesizing secondary scholarship that concentrates on the following four themes: how antiblackness structures the school-to-prison pipeline, how mental and physical health services are unserviceable to black youth, how antiblack biases among school teachers and administrators pushes black students toward the prison industrial complex, and how U.S. state policies adultify black youth and criminalize their undiagnosed or untreated mental and physical illnesses. I analyze these secondary sources using the methodology that I call “a serviceable black-youth-centered methodology.” My approach challenges systemic issues such as the criminalization of black youth via no-tolerance rules within schools. This methodology seeks to address the mental health needs of black youth rather than pathologize them as behavioral problems.


Presented during the 24th Annual Summer Fellows Symposium, July 22, 2022 at Ursinus College.


Available to Ursinus community only.