In 1998, Felitti et al. conducted a ground-breaking study that showed how ACES, or adverse childhood experiences, can have major psychological and physical effects not only in the early years, but throughout the lifespan. This study focused primarily on 10 ACES (see chart). Our studies have been investigating whether grief and loss are also ACEs with similar consequences. If so, school personnel and other educators may be in a unique position to support bereaved students.
Moss, Sarah; Couts, Breanna; Hopkinson, Etienne; Jobson, Emily; Rachael, Oliviah; Danzig, Abigail; DeMelfi, Gabriella; and Pyle, Taylor, "Helping Bereaved Students: The Effects of Early Traumatic Loss and the Role of School Personnel and Supportive Services" (2020). Psychology Presentations. 3.