The dipole-dipole interaction between two Rydberg atoms depends on the relative orientation of the atoms and on the change in the magnetic quantum number. We simulate the effect of this anisotropy on the energy transport in an amorphous many atom system subject to a homogeneous applied electric field. We consider two experimentally feasible geometries and find that the effects should be measurable in current generation imaging experiments. In both geometries atoms of p character are localized to a small region of space which is immersed in a larger region that is filled with atoms of s character. Energy transfer due to the dipole-dipole interaction can lead to a spread of p character into the region initially occupied by s atoms. Over long timescales the energy transport is confined to the volume near the border of the p region which suggests Anderson localization. We calculate a correlation length of 6.3 μm for one particular geometry.
Bigelow, Jacob L.; Paul, Jacob T.; Peleg, Matan; Sanford, Veronica L.; Carroll, Thomas J.; and Noel, Michael W., "Simulations of the Angular Dependence of the Dipole-Dipole Interaction Among Rydberg Atoms" (2016). Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications. 7.
The item available here for download is the accepted version of the article originally published in Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 49 (2016), 164003 (6 pp). Copyright 2016, IOP Publishing, Ltd.