Modern Languages (French)
Maria Beliaeva Solomon
This project meets the requirements for Distinguished Honors in the Modern Languages Department.
George Sand and Rachilde, two important French female writers of the 19th c, discuss androgynous characters and borderline homosexual relationships in their works. They are part of a larger literary trend obsessed with liminal characters who are neither masculine nor feminine, or maybe both? This project studies the ambiguity of gender in Francophone literature in the 19th c, specifically in George Sand’s Gabriel (1839) and Rachilde’s Madame Adonis (1888). Through a close study of two characters - Gabriel(le) and Marcel(le) -, we will discuss sex, gender and sexuality, and explore the ways in which the protagonists maneuver gender boundaries in a binary society. A look into the personal lives of both George Sand and Rachilde, who were themselves cross-dressers and gender benders, will allow us to see how they influenced their own characters and their thought process.
Rodriguez, Elisa, "Gabriel(le) et Marcel(le): La Fluidité du Genre dans Gabriel (1839) de George Sand et Madame Adonis (1888) de Rachilde" (2022). French Honors Papers. 4.